A conclusion should stress the importance of the thesis statement, give the essay a sense of completeness and leave a final impression on the reader. For this reason, summarizing your essay is not the way to conclude.
Here are some suggestions to concluding ideas:
Answer the question, "So what?"
Show your readers why your paper was important. Show them that your paper was meaningful and useful. Show the importance of the thesis to the “big picture."
Synthesize, don't summarize.
Don't simply repeat the things that were in your paper. They have read it. Show them how the points you made as well as the support and examples you used were not random, but fit together.
Redirect your readers.
Give your reader something to think about, perhaps a way to use your paper in the "real" world. If your introduction went from general to specific, make your conclusion go from specific to general. Think globally.
Create a new meaning.
You don't have to give new information to create a new meaning. By demonstrating how your ideas work together, you can create a new picture. Often the sum of the paper is worth more than its parts.
Echo the introduction.
Echoing your introduction can be a good strategy if it is meant to bring the reader full-circle. If you begin by describing a scenario, you can end with the same scenario as proof that your essay was helpful in creating new understanding.
Do NOT cast doubt on the thesis.
Do NOT discuss more supporting ideas.
Remember the conclusion is often what a reader remembers best. Your conclusion should be the best part of your essay.
For more information, visit:
Strategies for Writing a Conclusion (from Literacy Education Online)