Shahira
S. Fahmy

Position
Professor
Department
Department of Journalism and Mass Communication

Profile

Brief Biography

Shahira S. Fahmy (PhD, Missouri School of Journalism) is a professor in the Department of Journalism and Mass Communication at the American University in Cairo. Prior to working in Egypt, she was a faculty at the University of Arizona and the first female Arab-American journalism full professor at an American research university.  

Her research focuses on peace journalism and visual communication, most recently analyzing how emerging technologies are transforming the relationship between media and terrorism in society. She has published over 80 journal articles and book chapters, in addition to four books. Fahmy has won several research awards and has given several keynote speeches and her recent international engagements include professional visits to universities in England, France, Germany, Denmark, Spain, Latvia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, South Africa, Ethiopia, China and Pakistan. She was the recipient of the visual communication book award by the National Communication Association and received two Fulbright awards to work with the NATO Strategic Communication Center of Excellence in the Baltics and UNECA in Africa. 

Fahmy is the associate editor of the flagship Journal of Communication. She has served as the associate editor of Mass Communication and Society for almost a decade and currently sits on edi­torial board member of multiple journals in the communication discipline, including Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, Mass Communication and Society, Media, War and Conflict and Visual Communication Quarterly. In 2020, Fahmy was elected to the association for education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC) association-wide leadership position and at this time is a member of the AEJMC Publications Committee.

Refereed Publications 

Scholarly Books/Monographs/Special Issues

Fahmy, S. (2020). Journalism and Mass Communication Research in the MENA Region, Theme Collection. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly.

Fahmy, S. (Ed.). (2019). Media, Terrorism and Society. Perspectives and Trends in the Digital Age. Philadelphia, Routeledge. ISBN: 978-1-138-36064-8

Fahmy, S. (Ed).  (2017). Mass Communication and Society. Special Issue. 20 (6), Philadelphia, Routeledge, Taylor & Francis Group.

Fahmy, S. el al. (2016). DAESH information campaign and its influence. NATO StratCom Centre of Excellence, Riga, Latvia.

Fahmy, S. (2015). Visual Framing in the Islamic State. NATO StratCom Centre of Excellence, Riga, Latvia.

Fahmy, S., Bock, M. & Wanta, W. (2014) Visual Communication Theory and Research: A Mass Communication Perspective. Palgrave Macmillan, New York.

[Recipient of a research excellence award for the most outstanding book in visual communication at the National Communication Association (NCA), Chicago, IL 2014].

Fahmy, S. (2010). (Ed). Images of Conflict. Media, War & Conflict. Special Issue. 3 (1),Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Fahmy, S. (2007 & 2012). Filling out the frame: Transnational visual coverage and news practitioners' attitudes towards the reporting of war and terrorismSaarbrücken, Germany: VDM Verlag Dr. Müller.

Chapters in Scholarly Books

Al-Rawi, A. & Fahmy, S. (2018). Social Media Use in the Diaspora: The Case of the Syrian Community in Italy. In Karim H. Karim & Ahmed Al-Rawi (Ed.), Diaspora and Media in Europe: Migration, Identity, and Integration. (pp. 71-96).  Palgrave Macmillan, New York.

Fahmy, S. & Alkazemi, M. (2017) Visuality/Visualization. In P. Roessler, International Encyclopedia of Media Effects. (pp. 1-15.) Wiley-International Communication Association (ICA) International Encyclopedias of Communication series. New York: Wiley-Blackwell.

Zhang, J. & Fahmy, S. (2014). Live tweeting at work: The use of social media in public diplomacy. In Guy Golan, Sung-Un Yang & Dennis Kinsey (Ed.), International Public Relations and Public Diplomacy: Communication and Engagement. (pp. 315-330). Peter Lang Publishing, New York.

Ali, S.* & Fahmy, S. (2013). The icon of the Egyptian revolution: Using social media in the toppling of a Mideast government. In Ralph Berenger (Ed.), Social media go to war—Civil unrest, rebellion and revolution in the age of twitter. (pp. 383-398). Washington: Marquette Books LLC.

Fahmy, S. (2009). How could so much produce so little?  Foreign affairs reporting in the wake of 9/11. In Guy Golan, Thomas J. Johnson and Wayne Wanta (Eds.), International media in a global age. (pp. 147-159). Philadelphia: Routledge.

Johnson, T. & Fahmy, S. (2009). See no evil, hear no evil, judge as evil? Examining whether Al-JazeeraEnglish-language website users transfer credibility to its satellite network. In Guy Golan, Thomas J. Johnson and Wayne Wanta (Eds.), International media in a global age. (pp. 241-260). Philadelphia: Routledge.

Fahmy, S. & Johnson, T. (2007). The caged bird sings: How reliance on Al- Jazeera affects views regarding press freedom in the Arab World. In Phillip Seib (Ed.), New media and the new middle east. (pp. 81-100). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Fahmy, S. (2004). Egyptian media: Into a new millennium. In A. Silverblatt and N. Zlobin (Eds.), International Communications: A media literacy approach. (pp. 172-178). Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe.

Refereed Journal Articles

Fahmy, S. (2020). The Age of Terrorism Media: The Visual Narratives of the Islamic State Group’s Dabiq Magazine. International Communication Gazette. 82(3), 260–288.

Zhang, J, Adhikari, D., Fahmy, S. & Kang, S. (2020 Online first) Exploring the Impacts of National Image, Service Quality, and Perceived Value on International Tourists behavior: A Nepali Case. Journal of Vacation Marketing.

Bowe, B., Gosen, J. & Fahmy, S. (2019). Personal Choice or Political Provocation: Examining the Visual Framing and Stereotyping of the Burkini Debate. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 96(4), 1076–1098

Alkazemi, M.*, Fahmy, S., Wanta, W. (2018). The Promise to the Arab World: Attributes of U.S. President Obama in Arabic-Language Tweets. International Communication Gazette, 80(2), 119–134. [Lead article]

Fahmy, S. (2017)Media, terrorism, and society: Perspectives and trends in thedigital age. Mass Communication and Society, 20 (6), 735-739.

Neumann, R.* & Fahmy, S. (2016). Measuring journalistic peace/war performance: An Exploratory Study of Crisis Reporters’ Attitudes and Perceptions. International Communication Gazette, 78(3), 223–246.

Relly, J.,  Zanger, M. & Fahmy, S. (2015). News media landscape in a fragile state: Professional ethics perceptions in a post-Ba’athist Iraq. Mass Communication and Society 18(4), 471-497.

Bowe, B.*, Fahmy, S. & Matthes, J. (2015). U.S. Newspaper provide nuanced picture of Islam. Newspaper Research Journal, 36(1), 42-57.

Fahmy, S. & Neumann, R.* (2015). Internet wags the world: Understanding web credibility in the context of citizen/professional journalism, Twitter/blog, and Iran’s Green Revolution. International Communication Research Journal, 50(1), 23-46.

Relly, J.,  Zanger, M. & Fahmy, S. (2015) Democratic norms and social learning: A study of influences on Iraqi journalists' attitudes toward information access. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 92(2), 346-373.

Relly, J.,  Zanger, M. & Fahmy, S. (2015). Professional role perceptions among Iraqi Kurdish journalists from a state within a state. Journalism: Theory, Practice, and Criticism, 16(8), 1085-1106.

Ziani, A-K, Fahmy, S., Al-Jaber, K. & Elareshi, M. (2014). Young Bahrainis’ use of and perceptions of satellite TV news. Journal of Arab and Muslim Media Research, 7(1) 3-20. [Lead article]

Ziani, A-K, Fahmy, S. & Elareshi, M. (2014) Arabic-language Newscasts in Four Non-Arab TV Channels: Form and content. Global Media Journal-Arabian Edition, 3 (1-2) 38-55.

Fahmy, S. & Eakin, B.* (2014). High Drama On The High Seas: Peace versus war journalism framing of an Israeli/Palestinian related incident. International Communication Gazette, 76 (1), 81-105.

Huang, Y. & Fahmy, S. (2013). Picturing a Journey of Protest or a Journey of Harmony?  Comparing the Visual Framing of the 2008 Olympic Torch Relay in U.S. vs. Chinese Press. Media, War & Conflict, 6 (3) 191-206. [Lead article]

Bowe, B. J.*, Fahmy, S. & Wanta, W. (2013). Missing Religion: The second level agenda setting effect of news coverage of Islam in American newspapers. International Communication Gazette, 75 (7), 636-652.

Fahmy, S. & Al-Emad, M.* (2013). Did Al Jazeera's online coverage change over time? Comparing the reporting of the Iraq war in 2004 versus 2007. Global Media Journal-Arabian Edition, 2(1-2), 111-126.

Ali, S.* & Fahmy, S. (2013). Gatekeeping & citizen journalism: The use of social media during the recent uprisings in Iran, Egypt, and Libya. Media, War & Conflict 6(1), 55-69.

Fahmy, S., Mckinley, C., Filer, C. * & Wright, P. * (2013) “Pulling the plug on grandma”: Obama’s health care pitch, media coverage & public opinion. Advances in Journalism and Communication, 1 (3), 1-7, 19-25.[Lead article]

Fahmy, S., Wanta, W. & Nisbet, E.* (2012). Mediated public diplomacy:  Satellite TV news in the Arab World and perception effects. International Communication Gazette, 74(8), 728-49.

Shin, J. H., Fahmy, S. & Lewis, R. A. (2012).  Katrina study shows human interest photos predominant.Newspaper Research Journal, 33(1), 38–53.

Fahmy, S. & Johnson, T. (2012). Invasion vs. occupation: A trend analysis of how embeds assess influences and performance in covering the Iraq War. International Communication Gazette, 74(1), 23–42. [The journal editor from Sage made this top-read article free and available to the public in PDF]

Neumann, R.* & Fahmy, S. (2012). Analyzing the spell of war: A war/peace framing analysis of the 2009 visual coverage of the Sri Lankan civil war in Western newswires. Mass Communication and Society, 15(2), 169-200. [Lead article]

Fahmy, S. & Neumann, R.* (2011). Shooting war or peace photographs? An examination of newswires’ coverage of the conflict in Gaza (2008-2009). The American Behavioral Scientist 56(2),1-26. [Lead article]

Huang, Y.* & Fahmy, S. (2011). Same events, two stories: Comparing the photographic coverage of the 2008 Anti-China/Olympics demonstrations in Chinese and U.S. newspapers. International Communication Gazette, 73(8), 732-752.

McKinley, C.* & Fahmy, S. (2011). Passing the ‘Breakfast Test’: Exploring the effects of varying degrees of graphicness of war photography. Visual Communication Quarterly, 18(2), 70-83. [Lead article]

Fahmy, S., Wanta, W., Johnson, T. & Zhang, J. (2011). The path to war: Exploring a second-level agenda building analysis examining the relationship among the media, the public and the president. International Communication Gazette, 73(4), 322–342.

Fahmy, S. & Al-Emad, M.* (2011). Al-Jazeera versus Al-Jazeera: A comparison of the network's English- and Arabic- online coverage of the U.S./Al Qaeda conflict. International Communication Gazette, 73(3), 216-232.

Liu, X.* & Fahmy, S. (2011). Exploring the spiral of silence in the virtual world: Individuals' willingness to express personal opinions in online versus offline settings. Journal of Media & Communication Studies, 3(2), 45-57.

Fahmy, S. (2010). Contrasting visual frames of our times:  A framing-analysis of English- and Arabic- language press coverage of War and terrorism. International Communication Gazette, 72(8), 695-717.[The journal editor from Sage made this top-read article free and available to the public in PDF]

Johnson, T. & Fahmy, S. (2010). When ‘good’ conflicts go bad: Testing a frame-building model on embeds’ attitudes toward government news management in the Iraq War. International Communication Gazette, 72(6), 521-544.

Fahmy, S., Relly, J.  & Wanta, W. (2010). President’s power to frame stem cell views limited.  Newspaper Research Journal, 31(3), 62-74. [The journal editor included this article in the AEJMC hot topics in Journalism & Mass Communication – known as Research You Can Use]

Johnson, T. & Fahmy, S. (2010). Who is winning the hearts and minds of the Arab Public? An examination of how Arab viewers judge the credibility of Al-Jazeera, Al Arabiya, Al-Hurra and local Arab stations. International Communication Research Journal, 45(1-2) 24-48.

Fahmy, S. & Roedl, S.* (2010). Lessons from Virginia Tech: Exploring disparities and commonalities between visual coverage in U.S. newspapers and victims’ families’ perceptions. Visual Communication Quarterly, 17(2), 91-107.

Johnson, T. & Fahmy, S. (2010). ‘When blood becomes cheaper than a bottle of water’: How viewers of the English version of Al-Jazeera website judge graphic images of conflict. Media, War & Conflict, 3 (1), 43-66.

Zhang, J. & Fahmy, S. (2009). Color revolutions in colored lenses: A comparative analysis of U.S. and Russian press coverage of political movements in Ukraine, Belarus and Uzbekistan. International Journal of Communication (IJOC), 3, 517-539.

Fahmy, S. & Johnson, T. (2009). How embedded journalists in Iraq viewed the arrest of Al-Jazeera’s most prominent reporter Taysir Alouni. Media, War & Conflict, 2(1), 45-63.

Johnson, T. & Fahmy, S. (2009). Embeds’ perceptions of censorship: Can you criticize a soldier then have breakfast with him the next morning? Mass Communication and Society, 12(1), 52-77.

Fahmy, S. & Kim, D.* (2008). Picturing the Iraq War: Constructing the image of war in British and U.S. press. International Communication Gazette, 70(6), 443-462.

Johnson, T. & Fahmy, S. (2008). The CNN of the Arab World or a shill for terrorists?  How support for press freedom and political ideology predict credibility of Al-Jazeera among its audience. International Communication Gazette, 70(5), 339-362.

Fahmy, S. (2008). How Online Journalists Rank Importance of News Skills. Newspaper Research Journal, 29(2), 23-39.

Fahmy, S., Kelly, J. & Kim, Y.S.* (2007). What Hurricane Katrina revealed: A visual analysis of the hurricane coverage by news wires and U.S. newspapers. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 84(3), 546-561.

Fahmy, S. (2007). ‘They took it down’: Exploring determinants of visual reporting in the toppling of the Saddam Hussein statue in national and international newspapers. Mass Communication and Society, 10(2), 143-170.[Lead article]

Fahmy, S. & Johnson, T. (2007). Show the truth and let the audience decide: A web-based survey showing support for use of graphic imagery among viewers of Al-Jazeera. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 51(2), 245-264.

Fahmy, S. & Wanta, W. (2007). What visual journalists think others think? The perceived impact  of news photographs on public opinion formation. Visual Communication Quarterly, 14(1), 16-31.

Fahmy, S. & Johnson, T. (2007). Embedded versus unilateral perspectives on Iraq War. Newspaper Research Journal, 28(3), 98-114.

Fahmy, S. & Johnson, T. (2007). Mediating the Anthrax attacks: Media accuracy and agenda-setting at times of national threat. The Atlantic Journal of Communication, 15(1), 19-40.

Fosdick, S. & Fahmy, S. (2007). Epistemic honesty and the default assumption that photos are true. Studies in Media & Information Literacy Education, 7(1), 1-10.

Fahmy, S., Cho, S.*, Wanta, W. &  Song, Y.* (2006). Visual agenda-setting after 9-11: individuals’ emotions, image recall and concern with terrorism. Visual Communication Quarterly, 13(1), 4-15.[Lead article]

Fahmy, S. & Johnson, T. (2005). ‘How we performed’: Embedded journalists’ attitudes and perceptions towards covering the Iraq War. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 82(2), 301-317.

Fahmy, S. (2005). Emerging alternatives or traditional news gates: Which news sources were used to picture the 9/11 attack and the Afghan War? International Communication Gazette, 67(5), 383-400. [Lead article]

Fahmy, S. (2005). Photojournalists’ and photo-editors’ attitudes and perceptions: The visual coverage of 9/11 and the Afghan War. Visual Communication Quarterly, 12(3-4), 146-163. [Lead article]

Fahmy, S. & Wanta, W. (2005). Testing priming effects: Differences between print and broadcast messages.  Studies in Media & Information Literacy Education, 5(2), 1-12.

Fahmy, S., Fosdick, S. & Johnson, T. (2005). Is seeing believing? A survey of magazine professionals’ practices and attitudes towards ethical standards for photographs. Journal of Magazine & New Media Research, 7(1), 1-18.[Lead article]

Fahmy, S. (2004). Picturing Afghan women: A content analysis of AP wire photographs during the Taliban regime and after the fall of the Taliban regime. International Communication Gazette, 66(2), 91-112. [Lead article]

Fahmy, S. & Smith, Z. (2003). Photographers note: Digital’s advantages, disadvantages. Newspaper Research Journal, 24(2), 82-96.

Refereed Conference Presentations           

Zamorra—Meediina, R., Reebolllleedo, M. & Fahmy, S. What do you want to show us, my candidate? Visual Communication on Instagram in 2019 Spanish Elections. Paper to be presented for the International Political Science Association (IPSA) World Congress of Political Science. Lisbon, Portugal, July 2021.

Fahmy, S., Karademir, H. & Taha, B. M. The narrow-minded world in the free atmosphere of Twitter: Exploring the visual narratives and patterns of Personalized Journalism in the Yemen Civil War. Paper virtually presented for the Visual Communication Division at the AEJMC scheduled to take place in San Francisco, August 2020.

Shin, J. H., Fahmy, S. & Lewis, R. A. Ten years of longitudinal research of airliner disaster news photography: The case of The New York Times. Paper virtually presented for the Visual Communication Division at the  AEJMC scheduled to take place in San Francisco, August 2020.

Ittefaq, M., Sheikh, A., Fahmy, S.,  Ejaz, W. &  Yousaf, M. The Marriage of Inconvenience: An Exploratory Analysis of Media Convergence in Pakistan, Paper virtually presented for the International Communication Division at the  AEJMC scheduled to take place in San Francisco, August 2020.

Fahmy, S. & Hussain, S.  War or peace tweets? A framing analysis of terrorism on Twitter. Paper virtually presented for the Global Communication and Social Change Division at the ICA annual convention scheduled to take place in Gold Coast, Australia, May 2020.

Ibrahim, O.* & Fahmy, S. Visualizing the veil: Representation of Hijab in Internet GIFs. Paper virtually presented for the Visual Communication Studies Division at the ICA annual convention scheduled to take place in Gold Coast, Australia, May 2020.

Zamorra—Meediina, R., Reebolllleedo, M. & Fahmy, S. Does visual matters in campaigning online? A visual communication analysis on Instagram in 2019 Spanish Elections. ‘Secondary data is cool: Political communication research from open repositories. Congress on ‘Open Communication’ The Political Communication Association (ACOP) at the ICA annual convention scheduled to take place in Gold Coast, Australia, May 2020.

Fahmy, S. & Ibrahim, O. No, Memes No! Digital Persuasion in the #MeToo Era. Paper presented for the Visual Communication Division at the AEJMC annual conference. Toronto Canada, August 2019.

Zhang, J, Adhikari, D., Fahmy, S. & Kang, S. Exploring the Impacts of Tourism Value and News Consumption on National Image of Less Developed Nations: A Nepali Case. Paper presented for the Public Diplomacy Interest Group at the ICA annual conference. Washington DCMay 2019.

Bowe, B., Gosen, J. & Fahmy, S. Personal Choice or Political Provocation: Examining the Visual Framing and Stereotyping of the Burkini Debate. Paper presented for the Visual Studies Division at the ICA annual conference. PragueCzech Republic, May 2018.

Fahmy, S. Instant Storytelling: Communicating visuals of conflict in the new media environment. Paper presented for the Arab-U.S. Association for Communication Educators (AUSACE). CairoEgypt, October 2017.

Al-Rawi, A. & Fahmy, S. Social Media Use in the Diaspora: The Case of the Syrian Community in Italy. Paper presented at the 4th Annual International Conference on Social Sciences, Athens, Greece, July 2017.

Fahmy, S. The Islamic State’s Visual War: Spotting the Hi-tech Narratives Within the Chaos. Paper presented for the International Communication Division at the AEJMC annual conference. MinneapolisMN, August 2016.

Alkazemi, M. , Fahmy, S., Wanta, W. & Abdelzaheer, A. The Promise to the Arab World: Attribute Agenda Setting and Diversity of Attributes about U.S. President Obama in Arabic-Language Tweets. Paper presented for the International Communication Division at the AEJMC annual conference. San Francisco, CA., August 2015.

Ali, S. & Fahmy, S. Comparative Analysis of Visualizing Natural Disasters: Picturing images of floods in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina versus Pakistan. Paper presented for the Visual Communication Division at the ICA annual conference. San Juan, Puerto Rico, May 2015.

Fahmy, S. & Neumann, R. Internet wags the world: Understanding web-credibility in the context of citizen journalism, micro-blogs, and the Iranian Green Revolution. Paper presented for the International Communication Division at the AEJMC annual conference. Montreal, Canada, August 2014.

Ali, S. & Fahmy, S. Visualizing victims of disaster: A comparison of Associated Press images of Hurricane Katrina and Pakistan. Paper presented at the Broadcast Education Association (BEA) annual conference. Las Vegas, NV, April 2014.

Ziani, A-K, Fahmy, S. & Elareshi, M. Young Bahrainis’ Use of and Perception of Satellite TV News Services.Paper presented at the BEA annual conference. Las Vegas, NV, April 2014.

Relly, J.,  Zanger, M. & Fahmy, S. Journalists' perceptions of professional ethics norms in post-Ba'athist Iraq. Paper presented for the International Communication Division at the AEJMC annual conference. Washington, DC., August 2013.

Neumann, R. & Fahmy, S. Developing a survey instrument of journalistic peace/war performance:Toward a reliable assessment of crisis-reporters’ attitudes. Paper presented for the International Communication Division at the AEJMC annual conference. Washington, DC., August 2013.

Relly, J.,  Zanger, M. & Fahmy, S. Democratic norms and social learning: A study of influences on Iraqi journalists' attitudes toward information access. Paper presented for the Political Communication Division at the ICA annual conference. London, UK, June 2013.

Fahmy, S., Mckinley, C, Filer, C. & Wright, P.  “Pulling the plug on grandma”: Obama’s health care pitch, media coverage & public opinion. Paper presented for the Mass Communication Division at the AEJMC annual conference. Chicago, IL, August 2012.

Ali, S. & Fahmy, S. Gatekeeping & citizen journalism: The use of social media during the recent uprisings in Iran, Egypt, and Libya. Paper presented for the International Communication Division at the AEJMC annual conference. Chicago, IL, August 2012.

Eakin, B. & Fahmy, S. High drama on the high seas: Peace vs. war journalism framing of the Mavi Marmara incident. Paper presented for the InternationalCommunication Division at the AEJMC annual conference. Chicago, IL, August 2012.

Ali, S. & Fahmy, S.  The icon of the Egyptian revolution: Using social media in the toppling of a Mideast government. Paper presented for the Visual Communication Division at the AEJMC annual conference. Chicago, IL, August 2012.

Fahmy, S. & Neumann, R. Telling the untold stories of crisis reporting: Journalistic perceptions toward peace versus war coverage. Paper presented for the Journalism Studies Division at the ICA annual conference. Phoenix, AZ, May 2012.

Filer, C., Kenski, K., Fahmy, S. & Rains, S. Spreading news about the flu: H1N1 and Intermedia agenda setting in national and local newspapers. Paper presented for the Mass Communication Division at the ICA annual conference. Phoenix, AZ, May 2012.

Fahmy, S. & Al-Emad, M. Did they tone it down? Comparing the coverage of the Iraq War in Al-Jazeera English-language website in 2004 versus 2007. Paper presented at the Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research (MAPOR) annual conference. Chicago, IL, November 2011.

Zhang, J. & Fahmy, S. Live tweeting at work: The use of social media in public diplomacy. Paper presented for the Communication Technology (CTEC) Division at the AEJMC annual conference. St. Louis, MO, August 2011.

Bowe, B. J., Fahmy, S. & Wanta, WThe second level agenda setting effect of news coverage of Islam in American newspapers. Paper presented for the Religion and Media interest group at the AEJMC annual conference. St. Louis, MO, August 2011.

Seate, A. S. & Fahmy, S. Level of expertise, webpage type and internet credibility: Understanding Internet journalism in the context of the Iran revolution. Paper presented for the Journalism Studies Division at the ICAannual conference. Boston, MA, May 2011.

Huang, Y. & Fahmy, S. Symbols of nationalism or symbols of repression? The visual framing of the 2008 Olympic torch relay in U.S. and Chinese dailies. Paper presented for the Visual Communication Studies Division at the ICA annual conference. Boston, MA, May 2011.

# Neumann, R. & Fahmy, S. Analyzing the spell of war: A war/peace framing analysis of the 2009 visual coverage of the Sri Lankan civil war in newswires. Paper presented for the International Communication Division at the AEJMC annual conference. Denver, CO, August 2010.

Fahmy, S. & Neumann, R. Shooting war or peace photographs?  An examination of newswires’ coverage of the conflict in Gaza (2008-2009). Paper presented for the Visual Communication Studies Division at the ICA annual conference. Singapore, June 2010.

Huang, Y. & Fahmy, S. Same Events, two stories: Comparing the photographic coverage of the 2008 anti-China/Olympics demonstrations in Chinese and U.S. newspapers. Paper presented for the Visual Communication Studies Division at the ICA annual conference. Singapore, June 2010.

Johnson, T. & Fahmy, S. When blood becomes cheaper than a bottle of water. Paper presented at the World Association for Public Opinion Research (WAPOR) annual conference. Lausanne, Switzerland, September 2009.

Nisbet, E. & Fahmy, S. USA’s Image overseas:  Contributing factors, image effects and public diplomacy implications. Paper presented for the International Communication Division at the AEJMC annual conference. Boston, MA, August 2009.

Liu, X. & Fahmy, S. Testing the spiral of silence in the virtual world: Monitoring opinion-climate online and individuals' willingness to express personal opinions in online versus offline settings. Paper presented for the Political Communication Division at the ICA annual conference. Chicago, IL, May 2009.

Johnson, T. & Fahmy, S. A star is shorn: How embedded journalists in Iraq viewed the arrest of Al-Jazeera’s most prominent reporter Taysir Alouni. Paper presented at the Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research (MAPOR) annual conference. Chicago, IL, November 2008.

Al-Emad, M. & Fahmy, S. The Iraq War on Al-Jazeera websites: Did the English -and Arabic- language users experience different online coverage? Paper presented for the International Communication Division at the AEJMC annual conference. Chicago, IL, August 2008.

Fahmy, S. & Roedl, S. Lessons from Virginia Tech: Examining disparities and commonalities between visual coverage in U.S. newspapers and audience perceptions. Paper presented for the Visual Studies Division at the ICA annual convention. Montreal, Canada, May 2008.

Johnson, T. & Fahmy, S. Who is winning the hearts and minds of the Arab Public? An examination of how Arab viewers judge the credibility of Al-Jazeera, Al-Arabiya, Al-Hurra and local Arab stations. Paper presented at the MAPOR annual conference. Chicago, IL, November 2007.

Fahmy, S. & Johnson, T. On second thought: A longitudinal analysis of how embeds assess influences and performance in reporting the Iraq War. Paper presented for the Media Ethics Division at the AEJMC annual conference. Washington, D.C., August 2007.

Fahmy, S., Johnson, T., Zhang, J. & Wanta, W. The path to war: A second-level agenda-building analysis examining the relationship among the media, the public and the president. Paper presented for the Communication Theory and Methodology Division at the AEJMC annual conference. Washington, D.C., August 2007.

Fahmy, S. Retooling The news approach: Online news professionals’ attitudes towards current and future journalism skills. Paper presented for the Scholastic Journalism Division at the AEJMC annual conference. Washington, D.C., August 2007.

Johnson, T. & Fahmy, S. When good conflicts go bad: Testing a hierarchy-of-influences model on embeds’ attitudes toward censorship in the Iraq War. Paper presented for the Mass Communication and Society Division at the AEJMC annual conference. Washington, D.C., August 2007.

Al-Emad, M. & Fahmy, S. Do they frame it differently? Examining the coverage of the U.S./Al-Qaeda conflict in the English- and Arabic- language Al-Jazeera websites. Paper presented for the International Communication Division at the AEJMC annual conference. Washington, D.C., August 2007.

Fahmy, S. How could so much produce so little?  Foreign affairs reporting in the wake of 9/11. Paper presented for the Intercultural And Development Communication/International And Development Communication Division at the ICA annual convention, San Francisco, CA, May 2007.

Al-Emad, M., Fahmy, S.  & Johnson, T. One war, two websites? Examining news sources used in framing the Iraq War in English- and Arabic- language Al-Jazeera web sites. Paper presented at the Media, War & Conflict conference. Milwaukee, WI, April 2007.

Fahmy, S. & Johnson, T. The caged bird sings: How reliance on Al-Jazeera TV Predicts views regarding freedom of the press in the Arab World. Paper presented at the MAPOR annual conference. Chicago, IL, November 2006.

Zhang, J., Fahmy, S. & Roedl, S. Color revolutions in colored lenses: A comparative study of U.S. and Russian press coverage of revolutions in Ukraine, Belarus and Uzbekistan. Paper presented at the MAPOR annual conference. Chicago, IL, November 2006.

Fahmy, S., Kelly, J. & Kim, Y.S. What Hurricane Katrina revealed: A visual analysis of the hurricane coverage by newswires and U.S. newspapers. Paper presented at the Visual Communication Division at the AEJMC annual conference. San Francisco, CA, August 2006.

Fahmy, S. & Kim, D. Picturing the Iraq War: Constructing the image of war in British & U.S. media. Paper presented at the Visual Studies Division at the ICA annual conference. Dresden, Germany, June 2006.

Johnson, T. & Fahmy, S. See no evil, hear no evil, judge as evil? Examining the degree to which users of Al-Jazeera English-language website transfer credibility views to its satellite network counterpart. Paper presented for the Mass Communication Division at the ICA annual conference. Dresden, Germany, June 2006.

Fahmy, S. & Johnson, T. Different positions, different perspectives: How and why embed coverage differed from unilateral coverage of the Iraq War. Paper presented at the MAPOR annual conference. Chicago, IL, November 2005.

Fahmy, S., Zhang, J. & Wanta, W. Rationalizing war: A path analysis model of agenda building. Paper presented for the Mass Communication and Society Division at the AEJMC annual conference. San Antonio, TX, August 2005.

Fahmy, S. & Johnson, T. Show the truth and let Al-Jazeera audience decide: Support for use of graphic imagery among Al-Jazeera viewers. Paper presented for the Mass Communication and Society and Minorities and Communication Divisions at the AEJMC annual conference. San Antonio, TX, August 2005.

Johnson, T. & Fahmy, S. Embeds’ perceptions of censorship: Can you criticize a soldier then have breakfast with him the next morning? Paper presented for the Mass Communication and Society Division at the AEJMC annual conference. San Antonio, TX, August 2005.

Fahmy, S. & Wanta, W. What photojournalists think others think: The visual coverage of 9/11 and the Afghan War. Paper presented for the Visual Studies and Journalism Studies Divisions at the ICA annual conference. New York City, NY, May 2005.

Johnson, T. & Fahmy, S. The CNN of the Arab World or a shill for terrorists?  How support for press freedom and political ideology predict credibility of Al-Jazeera among its audience. Paper presented for the Mass Communication Division at the ICA annual conference. New York City, NY, May 2005.

Fahmy, S. ‘They Took It Down’: Picturing the toppling of the Saddam Hussein statue in national and international newspapers. Paper presented for the Visual Communication Division at the AEJMC annual conference. Toronto, Canada, August 2004.

Fahmy, S. & Johnson, T. ‘How we performed’: Embedded journalists’ attitudes and perceptions towards covering the Iraq War. Paper presented for the Mass Communication and Society Division at the AEJMC annual conference. Toronto, Canada, August 2004.

Fahmy, S. Framing visual news: The 9/11 attacks and the war in Afghanistan in English- and  Arabic- language newspapers. Paper presented for the Political Communication Division at the ICA annual conference. New Orleans, LA, May 2004.

Fahmy, S. Which news sources were used to picture The 9/11 attacks and the Afghan War? Paper presented for the Intercultural And Development Communication/ International And Development Communication Division at the ICA annual conference. New Orleans, LA, May 2004.

Fahmy, S. Photojournalists’ attitudes towards picturing the 9/11 attacks and the war in Afghanistan. Paper presented for the Mass Communication Division at the ICA annual conference. New Orleans, LA, May 2004.

Fahmy, S., Fosdick, S. & Johnson, T. Is seeing believing? A survey of magazine professionals’ practices and attitudes towards ethical standards of photographs. Paper presented for the Visual Communication Interest Group at the ICA annual conference. New Orleans, LA, May 2004.

Wanta, W., Cho, S., Fahmy, S. &  Song, Y. Visual agenda-setting after 9-11: Individuals’ emotions, image recall and concern with terrorism. Paper presented for the Visual Communication Interest Group at the ICA annual convention. New Orleans, LA, May 2004.

Fahmy, S. ‘They took it down’: Picturing the toppling of the Saddam Hussein statue in international newspapers. Work in progress presented at the AEJMC mid-winter conference. New Brunswick, NJ, February 2004.

Fahmy, S. Mediating The anthrax attacks: Media accuracy and agenda-setting at times of national threat. Paper presented at the MAPOR annual conference. Chicago, IL, November 2003.

Fosdick, S. & Fahmy, S. Punctuation and epistemic honesty: Do photos need what words have? Paper presented for the Media Ethics Division at the AEJMC annual conference, Kansas City, MO., August 2003.  

Fahmy, S. & Wanta, W. Testing priming Effects: Differences between print and broadcast messages.  Paper presented for the Information Systems Division at the ICA annual conference. San Diego, CA, May 2003.

Fahmy, S. Picturing Afghan women: A content analysis of AP wire photographs during and post-Taliban rule.  Paper presented for the Visual Communication Interest Group at the at the ICA annual conference. San Diego, CA, May 2003.

Adhikari, D., Everbach, T. & Fahmy, S. Watching the watchdogs: An ethnomethodological study of news decision-making at a small Midwestern newspaper. Paper presented for the Newspaper Division at the AEJMC annual conference, Miami, FL, August 2002.  

Fahmy, S. & Smith, Z. The impact of adopting digital imaging technology on the work of daily photojournalists: Insights from those affiliated with the “Picture of the Year” contest. Paper presented for the Visual Communication Interest Group at the at the ICA annual convention. Seoul, South Korea, July 2002.

Fahmy, S . Adaptation in the Egyptian film industry and cultural identity. Paper presented at the annual conference of the Arab-U.S. AUSACE. Atlanta, GA., October 2001.

Fahmy, S. Cultural imperialism and the cinema crisis in Egypt. Paper presented at the annual AUSACE. Beirut, Lebanon, October 1999.