ID, ID card, IDs
- ID is an established acronym that does not need an explanation.
- Capitalize and do not put spaces or periods.
- Do not capitalize card in ID card.
- Stands for International English Language Testing System. IELTS is acceptable in all references.
- Breaking of the fast in Ramadan. Italicize.
- Lowercase when describing the leader of a prayer in a Muslim mosque. Capitalize before a name when used as the formal title for a Muslim leader or ruler.
- In indicates location: He was in the room. Into indicates motion: She walked into the room.
- Abbreviate and capitalize as Inc. when used as a part of a corporate name. Do not set off with commas: Delicious Inc.
- Lowercase in reference to AUC's independent syndicate.
Indiscreet (adj.), indiscretion (n.), indiscrete (adj.), indiscreteness (n.)
- Indiscreet means lacking prudence; its noun form is indiscretion. Indiscrete means not separated into distinct parts.
indoor (adj.) indoors (adv.)
- It is an indoor swimming pool. He went indoors.
- Generally, no hyphen: infrared, infrastructure
initials with names
- Use periods and do not leave a space when an individual uses initials instead of a first name: E.H. Valsan.
- Do not write a name with a single initial unless it is the individual’s preference or the first name is not known: C. David Welch.
- Not enquire, enquiry.
- Instructor in, not of.
- Generally, do not hyphenate words with inter- or intra- as a prefix.
- Check The American Heritage Dictionary. If not listed, hyphenate.
- See prefixes.
- One word; no hyphen.
- Lowercase except when it marks the beginning of a sentence: The students met with interim Dean John Smith.
- Capitalize. The Net is also acceptable.
- Do not italicize.
iPad, iPhone, iPod
- Lowercase i, except at the beginning of sentences: IPad, IPhone, and IPod
- Islam refers to the religion; Islamic is used as an adjective: He was interested in the study of Islam. She was fascinated by the Islamic art and architecture in Spain.
- Always capitalize both.
Islamic terms and holidays
- Eid Al-Adha (capitalize, no italics).
- Eid Al-Fitr (capitalize, no italics).
- halal (no italics, do not capitalize).
- iftar (do not capitalize, italicize).
- Muslim (capitalize, avoid other spellings).
- Quran (capitalize, no italics, avoid other spellings).
- Ramadan (capitalize, no italics).
- sharia (do not capitalize, no italics, avoid other spellings).
- Abbreviation for information technology. IT is acceptable in all references.
- Brown University, Columbia University, Cornell University, Dartmouth College, Harvard University, Princeton University, the University of Pennsylvania and Yale University.
- Always capitalize.