I

ID, ID card, IDs

 

  • ID is an established acronym that does not need an explanation.
  • Capitalize and do not put spaces or periods.
  • Do not capitalize card in ID card.

IELTS

 

  • Stands for International English Language Testing System. IELTS is acceptable in all references.

iftar

 

  • Breaking of the fast in Ramadan. Italicize.

imam

 

  • Lowercase when describing the leader of a prayer in a Muslim mosque. Capitalize before a name when used as the formal title for a Muslim leader or ruler.

in, into

 

  • In indicates location: He was in the room. Into indicates motion: She walked into the room.

inbox

incorporated

 

  • Abbreviate and capitalize as Inc. when used as a part of a corporate name. Do not set off with commas: Delicious Inc.

independent syndicate

 

  • Lowercase in reference to AUC's independent syndicate.

Indiscreet (adj.), indiscretion (n.), indiscrete (adj.), indiscreteness (n.)

  • Indiscreet means lacking prudence; its noun form is indiscretion. Indiscrete means not separated into distinct parts.

indoor (adj.) indoors (adv.)

 

  • It is an indoor swimming pool. He went indoors.

infra-

 

  • Generally, no hyphen: infrared, infrastructure

initials with names

 

  • Use periods and do not leave a space when an individual uses initials instead of a first name: E.H. Valsan.
  • Do not write a name with a single initial unless it is the individual’s preference or the first name is not known: C. David Welch.

inquire, inquiry

 

  • Not enquire, enquiry.

Islamism, Islamist

instructor

 

  • Instructor in, not of.

inter-, intra-

 

  • Generally, do not hyphenate words with inter- or intra- as a prefix.
  • Check The American Heritage Dictionary. If not listed, hyphenate.
  • See prefixes.

intercontinental

 

  • One word; no hyphen.

interim

 

  • Lowercase except when it marks the beginning of a sentence: The students met with interim Dean John Smith.

Internet

 

  • Capitalize. The Net is also acceptable.

intifada

 

  • Do not italicize.

iPad, iPhone, iPod

 

  • Lowercase i, except at the beginning of sentences: IPad, IPhone, and IPod

Islam, Islamic

 

  • Islam refers to the religion; Islamic is used as an adjective: He was interested in the study of Islam. She was fascinated by the Islamic art and architecture in Spain.
  • Always capitalize both.

Islamic terms and holidays

 

  • Eid Al-Adha (capitalize, no italics).
  • Eid Al-Fitr (capitalize, no italics).
  • halal (no italics, do not capitalize).
  • iftar (do not capitalize, italicize).
  • Muslim (capitalize, avoid other spellings).
  • Quran (capitalize, no italics, avoid other spellings).
  • Ramadan (capitalize, no italics).
  • sharia (do not capitalize, no italics, avoid other spellings).

IT

 

  • Abbreviation for information technology. IT is acceptable in all references.

Ivy League

 

  • Brown University, Columbia University, Cornell University, Dartmouth College, Harvard University, Princeton University, the University of Pennsylvania and Yale University.
  • Always capitalize.