S. Fahmy

Department of Journalism and Mass Communication


Brief Biography

Shahira S. Fahmy (PhD, Missouri School of Journalism) is a professor in the Department of Journalism and Mass Communication at The American University in Cairo. Prior to working in Egypt, she was a tenured faculty at the University of Arizona and the first female Arab-American journalism full professor at an American research university. 

Her research focuses on peace journalism and visual communication, most recently analyzing how emerging technologies are transforming the relationship between media and terrorism in society. She has published over 70 journal articles and book chapters, in addition to four books. Fahmy has given several keynote speeches and her recent international engagements include professional visits to universities in England, Germany, Denmark, Spain, Latvia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, South Africa, Ethiopia, China and Pakistan. She was the recipient of the visual communication book award by the National Communication Association and was awarded two Fulbright grants to work with the NATO Strategic Communication Center of Excellence in the Baltics and UNECA in Africa. 

Fahmy has served as the associate editor of Mass Communication and Society for almost a decade and currently is the associate editor of the flagship Journal of Communication and an edi­torial board member of multiple journals in the communication discipline, including Journalism and  Mass Communication Quarterly, Mass Communication and Society and Visual Communication Quarterly.

Refereed Publications 

Scholarly Books/Monographs/Special Issues

  • Fahmy, S. (Ed.). (2019). Media, Terrorism and Society. Perspectives and Trends in the Digital Age. Philadelphia, Routledge. ISBN: 978-1-138-36064-8
  • Fahmy, S. (Ed).  (2017). Mass Communication and Society. Special Issue. 20 (6), Philadelphia, Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
  • Fahmy, S. el al. (2016). DAESH information campaign and its influence. NATO StratCom Centre of Excellence, Riga, Latvia.
  • Fahmy, S. (2015). Visual Framing in the Islamic State. NATO StratCom Centre of Excellence, Riga, Latvia.
  • Fahmy, S., Bock, M. & Wanta, W. (2014) Visual Communication Theory and Research: A Mass Communication Perspective. Palgrave Macmillan, New York. [Recipient of a research excellence award for the most outstanding book in visual communication at the National Communication Association (NCA), Chicago, IL 2014].
  • Fahmy, S. (2010). (Ed). Images of Conflict. Media, War & Conflict. Special Issue. 3 (1), Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  • Fahmy, S. (2007 & 2012). Filling out the frame: Transnational visual coverage and news practitioners' attitudes towards the reporting of war and terrorism.    Saarbrücken, Germany: VDM Verlag Dr. Müller.

Chapters in Scholarly Books

Note: * indicates co-author was a student at the time the study was conducted and/or published.

  • Al-Rawi, A. & Fahmy, S. (2018). Social Media Use in the Diaspora: The Case of the Syrian Community in Italy. In Karim H. Karim & Ahmed Al-Rawi (Ed.), Diaspora and Media in Europe: Migration, Identity, and Integration. (pp. 71-96).  Palgrave Macmillan, New York.
  • Fahmy, S. & Alkazemi, M. (2017) Visuality/Visualization. In P. Roessler, International Encyclopedia of Media Effects. (pp. 1-15.) Wiley-International Communication Association (ICA) International Encyclopedias of Communication series. New York: Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Zhang, J. & Fahmy, S. (2014). Live-tweeting at work: The use of social media in public diplomacy. In Guy Golan, Sung-Un Yang & Dennis Kinsey (Ed.), International Public Relations and Public Diplomacy: Communication and Engagement. (pp. 315-330). Peter Lang Publishing, New York.
  • Ali, S.* & Fahmy, S. (2013). The icon of the Egyptian revolution: Using social media in the toppling of a Mideast government. In Ralph Berenger (Ed.), Social media go to war—Civil unrest, rebellion and revolution in the age of twitter. (pp. 383-398). Washington: Marquette Books LLC.
  • Fahmy, S. (2009). How could so much produce so little?  Foreign affairs reporting in the wake of 9/11. In Guy Golan, Thomas J. Johnson and Wayne Wanta (Eds.), International media in a global age. (pp. 147-159). Philadelphia: Routledge.
  • Johnson, T. & Fahmy, S. (2009). See no evil, hear no evil, judge as evil? Examining whether Al-Jazeera English-language website users transfer credibility to its satellite network. In Guy Golan, Thomas J. Johnson and Wayne Wanta (Eds.), International media in a global age. (pp. 241-260). Philadelphia: Routledge.
  • Fahmy, S. & Johnson, T. (2007). The caged bird sings: How reliance on Al- Jazeera affects views regarding press freedom in the Arab World. In Phillip Seib (Ed.), New media and the new middle east. (pp. 81-100). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Fahmy, S. (2004). Egyptian media: Into a new millennium. In A. Silverblatt and N. Zlobin (Eds.), International Communications: A media literacy approach. (pp. 172-178). Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe.

Refereed Journal Articles

Note:* indicates co-author was a student at the time the study was conducted and/or published.

  • Fahmy, S. (2019 Online first). The Age of Terrorism Media: The Visual Narratives of the Islamic State Group’s Dabiq Magazine. International Communication Gazette.
  • Bowe, B., Gosen, J. & Fahmy, S. (2019 Online first). Personal Choice or Political Provocation: Examining the Visual Framing and Stereotyping of the Burkini Debate. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly.
  • Alkazemi, M.*, Fahmy, S., Wanta, W. (2018). The Promise to the Arab World: Attributes of U.S. President Obama in Arabic-language Tweets. International Communication Gazette, 80(2), 119–134. [Lead article]
  • Fahmy, S. (2017)Media, terrorism, and society: Perspectives and trends in the digital age. Mass Communication and Society, 20 (6), 735-739.
  • Neumann, R.* & Fahmy, S. (2016). Measuring journalistic peace/war performance: An Exploratory Study of Crisis Reporters’ Attitudes and Perceptions. International Communication Gazette, 78(3), 223–246.
  • Relly, J.,  Zanger, M. & Fahmy, S. (2015). News media landscape in a fragile state: Professional ethics perceptions in a post-Ba’athist Iraq. Mass Communication and Society 18(4), 471-497.
  • Bowe, B.*, Fahmy, S. & Matthes, J. (2015). U.S. Newspaper provides a nuanced picture of Islam. Newspaper Research Journal, 36(1), 42-57.
  • Fahmy, S. & Neumann, R.* (2015). Internet wags the world: Understanding web credibility in the context of citizen/professional journalism, Twitter/blog, and Iran’s Green Revolution. International Communication Research Journal, 50(1), 23-46.
  • Relly, J.,  Zanger, M. & Fahmy, S. (2015) Democratic norms and social learning: A study of influences on Iraqi journalists' attitudes toward information access. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 92(2), 346-373.
  • Relly, J.,  Zanger, M. & Fahmy, S. (2015). Professional role perceptions among Iraqi Kurdish journalists from a state within a state. Journalism: Theory, Practice, and Criticism, 16(8), 1085-1106.
  • Ziani, A-K, Fahmy, S., Al-Jaber, K. & Elareshi, M. (2014). Young Bahrainis’ use of and perceptions of satellite TV news. Journal of Arab and Muslim Media Research, 7(1) 3-20. [Lead article]
  • Ziani, A-K, Fahmy, S. & Elareshi, M. (2014) Arabic-language Newscasts in Four Non-Arab TV Channels: Form and content. Global Media Journal-Arabian Edition, 3 (1-2) 38-55.
  • Fahmy, S. & Eakin, B.* (2014). High Drama On The High Seas: Peace versus war journalism framing of an Israeli/Palestinian related incident. International Communication Gazette, 76 (1), 81-105.
  • Huang, Y. & Fahmy, S. (2013). Picturing a Journey of Protest or a Journey of Harmony?  Comparing the Visual Framing of the 2008 Olympic Torch Relay in US vs. Chinese Press. Media, War & Conflict, 6 (3) 191-206. [Lead article]
  • Bowe, B. J.*, Fahmy, S. & Wanta, W. (2013). Missing Religion: The second-level agenda-setting effect of news coverage of Islam in American newspapers. International Communication Gazette, 75 (7), 636-652.
  • Fahmy, S. & Al-Emad, M.* (2013). Did Al Jazeera's online coverage change over time? Comparing the reporting of the Iraq war in 2004 versus 2007. Global Media Journal-Arabian Edition, 2(1-2), 111-126.
  • Ali, S.* & Fahmy, S. (2013). Gatekeeping & citizen journalism: The use of social media during the recent uprisings in Iran, Egypt, and Libya. Media, War & Conflict 6(1), 55-69.
  • Fahmy, S., Mckinley, C., Filer, C. * & Wright, P. * (2013) “Pulling the plug on grandma”: Obama’s health care pitch, media coverage & public opinion. Advances in Journalism and Communication, 1 (3), 1-7, 19-25. [Lead article]
  • Fahmy, S., Wanta, W. & Nisbet, E.* (2012). Mediated public diplomacy:  Satellite TV news in the Arab World and perception effects. International Communication Gazette, 74(8), 728-49.
  • Shin, J. H., Fahmy, S. & Lewis, R. A. (2012).  Katrina study shows human interest photos predominant. Newspaper Research Journal, 33(1), 38–53.
  • Fahmy, S. & Johnson, T. (2012). Invasion vs. occupation: A trend analysis of how embeds assess influences and performance in covering the Iraq War. International Communication Gazette, 74(1), 23–42. [The journal editor from Sage made this top-read article free and available to the public in PDF]
  • Neumann, R.* & Fahmy, S. (2012). Analyzing the spell of war: A war/peace framing analysis of the 2009 visual coverage of the Sri Lankan civil war in Western newswires. Mass Communication and Society, 15(2), 169-200. [Lead article]
  • Fahmy, S. & Neumann, R.* (2011). Shooting war or peace photographs? An examination of newswires’ coverage of the conflict in Gaza (2008-2009). The American Behavioral Scientist 56(2),1-26. [Lead article]
  • Huang, Y.* & Fahmy, S. (2011). Same events, two stories: Comparing the photographic coverage of the 2008 Anti-China/Olympics demonstrations in Chinese and U.S. newspapers. International Communication Gazette, 73(8), 732-752.
  • McKinley, C.* & Fahmy, S. (2011). Passing the ‘Breakfast Test’: Exploring the effects of varying degrees of graphicness of war photography. Visual Communication Quarterly, 18(2), 70-83. [Lead article]
  • Fahmy, S., Wanta, W., Johnson, T. & Zhang, J. (2011). The path to war: Exploring a second-level agenda building analysis examining the relationship among the media, the public and the president. International Communication Gazette, 73(4), 322–342.
  • Fahmy, S. & Al-Emad, M.* (2011). Al-Jazeera versus Al-Jazeera: A comparison of the network's English- and Arabic- online coverage of the U.S./Al Qaeda conflict. International Communication Gazette, 73(3), 216-232.
  • Liu, X.* & Fahmy, S. (2011). Exploring the spiral of silence in the virtual world: Individuals' willingness to express personal opinions in online versus offline settings. Journal of Media & Communication Studies, 3(2), 45-57.
  • Fahmy, S. (2010). Contrasting visual frames of our times:  A framing-analysis of English- and Arabic- language press coverage of War and terrorism. International Communication Gazette, 72(8), 695-717.[The journal editor from Sage made this top-read article free and available to the public in PDF]
  • Johnson, T. & Fahmy, S. (2010). When ‘good’ conflicts go bad: Testing a frame-building model on embeds’ attitudes toward government news management in the Iraq War. International Communication Gazette, 72(6), 521-544.
  • Fahmy, S., Relly, J.  & Wanta, W. (2010). President’s power to frame stem cell views limited.  Newspaper Research Journal, 31(3), 62-74. [The journal editor included this article in the AEJMC hot topics in Journalism & Mass Communication – known as Research You Can Use]
  • Johnson, T. & Fahmy, S. (2010). Who is winning the hearts and minds of the Arab Public? An examination of how Arab viewers judge the credibility of Al-Jazeera, Al Arabiya, Al-Hurra and local Arab stations. International Communication Research Journal, 45(1-2) 24-48.
  • Fahmy, S. & Roedl, S.* (2010). Lessons from Virginia Tech: Exploring disparities and commonalities between visual coverage in U.S. newspapers and victims’ families’ perceptions. Visual Communication Quarterly, 17(2), 91-107.
  •  Johnson, T. & Fahmy, S. (2010). ‘When blood becomes cheaper than a bottle of water’: How viewers of the English version of Al-Jazeera website judge graphic images of conflict. Media, War & Conflict, 3 (1), 43-66.
  • Zhang, J. & Fahmy, S. (2009). Color revolutions in colored lenses: A comparative analysis of U.S. and Russian press coverage of political movements in Ukraine, Belarus and Uzbekistan. International Journal of Communication (IJOC), 3, 517-539.  
  • Fahmy, S. & Johnson, T. (2009). How embedded journalists in Iraq viewed the arrest of Al-Jazeera’s most prominent reporter Taysir Alouni. Media, War & Conflict, 2(1), 45-63.
  • Johnson, T. & Fahmy, S. (2009). Embeds’ perceptions of censorship: Can you criticize a soldier then have breakfast with him the next morning? Mass Communication and Society, 12(1), 52-77.
  • Fahmy, S. & Kim, D.* (2008). Picturing the Iraq War: Constructing the image of war in British and U.S. press. International Communication Gazette, 70(6), 443-462.
  • Johnson, T. & Fahmy, S. (2008). The CNN of the Arab World or a shill for terrorists?  How support for press freedom and political ideology predict the credibility of Al-Jazeera among its audience. International Communication Gazette, 70(5), 339-362.
  • Fahmy, S. (2008). How Online Journalists Rank Importance of News Skills. Newspaper Research Journal, 29(2), 23-39.
  • Fahmy, S., Kelly, J. & Kim, Y.S.* (2007). What Hurricane Katrina revealed: A visual analysis of the hurricane coverage by news wires and U.S. newspapers. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 84(3), 546-561.
  • Fahmy, S. (2007). ‘They took it down’: Exploring determinants of visual reporting in the toppling of the Saddam Hussein statue in national and international newspapers. Mass Communication and Society, 10(2), 143-170.[Lead article]
  • Fahmy, S. & Johnson, T. (2007). Show the truth and let the audience decide: A web-based survey showing support for use of graphic imagery among viewers of Al-Jazeera. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 51(2), 245-264.
  • Fahmy, S. & Wanta, W. (2007). What visual journalists think others think? The perceived impact of news photographs on public opinion formation. Visual Communication Quarterly, 14(1), 16-31.
  • Fahmy, S. & Johnson, T. (2007). Embedded versus unilateral perspectives on Iraq War. Newspaper Research Journal, 28(3), 98-114.
  • Fahmy, S. & Johnson, T. (2007). Mediating the Anthrax attacks: Media accuracy and agenda-setting at times of national threat. The Atlantic Journal of Communication, 15(1), 19-40.
  • Fosdick, S. & Fahmy, S. (2007). Epistemic honesty and the default assumption that photos are true. Studies in Media & Information Literacy Education, 7(1), 1-10.
  • Fahmy, S., Cho, S.*, Wanta, W. &  Song, Y.* (2006). Visual agenda-setting after 9-11: individuals’ emotions, image recall and concern with terrorism. Visual Communication Quarterly, 13(1), 4-15.[Lead article]
  • Fahmy, S. & Johnson, T. (2005). ‘How we performed’: Embedded journalists’ attitudes and perceptions towards covering the Iraq War. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 82(2), 301-317.
  • Fahmy, S. (2005). Emerging alternatives or traditional news gates: Which news sources were used to picture the 9/11 attack and the Afghan War? International Communication Gazette, 67(5), 383-400. [Lead article]
  • Fahmy, S. (2005). Photojournalists’ and photo-editors’ attitudes and perceptions: The visual coverage of 9/11 and the Afghan War. Visual Communication Quarterly, 12(3-4), 146-163. [Lead article]
  • Fahmy, S. & Wanta, W. (2005). Testing priming effects: Differences between print and broadcast messages.  Studies in Media & Information Literacy Education, 5(2), 1-12.
  • Fahmy, S., Fosdick, S. & Johnson, T. (2005). Is seeing believing? A survey of magazine professionals’ practices and attitudes towards ethical standards for photographs. Journal of Magazine & New Media Research, 7(1), 1-18.[Lead article]
  • Fahmy, S. (2004). Picturing Afghan women: A content analysis of AP wire photographs during the Taliban regime and after the fall of the Taliban regime. International Communication Gazette, 66(2), 91-112. [Lead article]
  • Fahmy, S. & Smith, Z. (2003). Photographers note: Digital’s advantages, disadvantages. Newspaper Research Journal, 24(2), 82-96.