1930 - born in Egypt
1965 - assistant professor at Dar al-‘Ulum
1970 - tenured at AUC as Assistant Professor of Arabic Literature
1972 - associate professor
1976 - Full professor
1987-1989, 1991-1995 - Director of Center for Arabic Studies
1991 - onwards Member of the National Supreme Council for Culture
1992-2006 - Director of the Arabic Studies Research Unit;
2003 - Emeritus Professor
Recipient of international awards, including the King Faisal International Prize in Arabic Literature for my book on al-‘Aqqad in 1995 and the Modern Language Association of America Prize for a Distinguished Bibliography, 2002.
Leaders of Contemporary Arabic Literature in Egypt bio-bibliographical series (8 volumes, in Arabic)
The Arabic Novel: Bibliography and Critical Introduction, 1865-1995. (revised edition) 6 volumes. Cairo, 2000 (in Arabic)
Qamus al-Adab al-‘Arabi al-Hadith (Companion to Modern Arabic Literature) Cairo, Dar al-Shuruq, 2007, subsequently revised with additions.
Najib Mahfuz: Bibliyugrafiya, Sirat Hayatuh wa-Madkhal Naqdi (Nagib Mahfuz: bibliography, biography and critical introduction to his works) Cairo, The Egyptian Book Organization.
Certificate of secondary education, Al-Azhar, 1951; B. A. Hons. in Arabic and Islamic Studies, Dar al-‘Ulum, Cairo University, 1955; Ph. D. in modern Arabic literature, University of Cambridge, U.K. 1965
Classical and modern Arabic literature